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Harald Müller, Annette Schaper

US Nuclear Policy after the Cold War


It is commonly believed that September 11 is the qualifying day for the start of the U.S. unilateralism that views international treaties and arms control as an obstacle in the defense against enemies. But Harald Müller and Annette Schaper establish a much earlier deviation from multilateralism. After the end of the Cold War, it was expected that deterrence would become obsolete, even more so because in democratic societies, weapons of mass destruction and genocide should meet with disapproval among citizens. The report delineates the development of the U.S. nuclear policy under the administrations of Presidents Bush I, Clinton, and Bush II, and it concludes that the nuclear capabilities are stronger than ever. Müller and Schaper identify two explanations: Firstly, politics still persists in concepts developed during the East West conflict, secondly, the public debate is limited and its role is diminishing even further. But an interested and attentive public is needed that critically questions the development of security paradigms in order to limit the momentum of the nuclear sector.


This PRIF Report is also available as HSFK-Report 3/2003 in German (pdf-file).

Bibliographic Data

Harald Müller/Annette Schaper, US Nuclear Policy after the Cold War, PRIF Report No. 69, Frankfurt/M., 2004.


// PRIF Report No. 69

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